Program self-assessment is the systematic collection, review, and use of information about educational programs undertaken for the purpose of improving student learning. It involves the thorough examination of all aspects and components of the program in respect of stakeholders‟ opinion. It is a process of identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the program in terms of capacity of effective teaching learning, student performance assessment, program management, ability to provide students supports services and adequate physical facilities. Program self-assessment helps the program offering entity to:
Quality comes out of a well-structured process or system. This system refers institutional arrangements including infrastructure, functional statutory bodies, organizational set up, evidence of good practices, and guiding principles for education. It is the ultimate responsibility of the universities or institutions to ensure quality in education. It needs the enabling framework of well-functioning internal quality assurance system, policies and procedures in place with adequate resources and commitment. Institutional self-assessment is an on-going process designed to assess the extent to which the institutional arrangement of the university supports the attainment of student learning outcomes. It covers all the elements of institutional arrangements of the university to provide education.
The outcome of institutional self-assessment is a holistic and comprehensive analysis of its compliance to eligibility requirements and to meet the standards. The institutional accreditation process starts with an institutional self-assessment against the requirements to be an accredited institution and in terms of its stated mission and objectives (WASC, 2012). Generally, the institutional self-assessment serves following purposes:
Facilitate external quality assurance and institutional accreditation; and promote a culture of continuous improvement.